Sunday, 26 May 2019

Pal Art or Pal School Of Art

Pal Style of Art/ Pal school of Art

Pal School of Art

Introduction

This style developed between 500 to 1300 AD under the patronage of the then Pal and Sena dynasty kings of Bihar and Bengal. Pal style evolved in 5 forms- architecture, sculpture, terracotta, painting and mural paintings. This art was influenced by Hindu and mainly by Buddhism. In this style, the pictures evolved from two types - 1. Mural paintings, 2. Manuscript. This art was extended to Bihar, Bengal as well as Nepal.

Historic background

After the reign of King Harsh of Bengal, the rule of that system remained chaotic for almost 100 years. As a result, in 730- 740 AD, the people of it rebelled. After that, the people of Bengal chose a person named Gopal as their king. King Gopal had established his kingdom to south Bihar. King Gopal was the first ruler of the Pala dynasty.
After Raja Gopal, his son Dharmapala became the king who established Vikramshila University in Bhagalpur. Painting began with the state of Raja Dharmapala.
After King Dharmapala, his son Devpal became the king who expanded the state. After Devpal, his son Mahipal became the king. King Mahipal's time is considered to be the best for the Pal Style. All these Kings were the followers of Lord Buddha.

Pal Pothis Or Manuscripts

Pala style pictures are found in the pavilions of the Mahayana sect wrote in Bengal, Bihar, and Nepal, which have been depicted on both sides of the tracks.
These pothis have been written on good quality green leaves, which have wooden backs on both sides. The size of these papers is 22.25 "X 2.5".
On these letters, Devanagari script is written in letters on both sides beautifully. In the middle, the pictures of Mahayana Deities, Buddha characters, and Divine Buddha are painted on square space.
Tibetan historian Lama Taranath has considered Dhiman and the Vittapal as the founder of Pal style or painting. Some people say Dhiman and Vittapal were the chief artists of this genre too.

Found Pothies

In the illustrated Pal Pothis, Prajnaparamita, Mantamala, Panchashikha, Gandhavih, and Karandevguha Mahayana Bodhi Pothi have been found.
Some painted papers are still preserved in the Cambridge University Library.

Pal Style Features

  • Pictures of this genre have been found in the panties, which are small in size
  • In this style, gentle and carnivorous shapes have been made in Ajanta tradition. Lines and expressions are also the same. Occasionally the horrific shapes of the Mahayana sect have also been painted.
  • The paranoid style of Ajanta style can be seen in Pal style. The style of the Bhitth (Mural) paintings have been diminished in which the shapes appear to be limited.
  • Human figures have long noses, which are going beyond the cheek borders and the eyes have been made large and nearby. The heads of the shapes are flat.
  • The boundary lines of the shapes have been made and it appears that the nib or some hard textbook has been used in place of the tulika(Brush).
  • In this genre, the green leaves of good quality have been used in the potholes by drying in the shade and wood pots were used on both sides of the potholes.
  • These paintings are mainly used in red, blue, white and black colors as well as pink, purple and gray colors made from basic colors.

Conclusion

Pal style is primarily the style of illustrated pothis or manuscripts that were influenced by Buddhism. It was also extended in Bihar, Bengal, and Nepal, which had the protection of Pal and Sen kings. In its contrast, it was also believed that this is probably the "Naga style" that Tibetan historian Lama Taranath had mentioned.

Watch the full video on Pal Art-


Tuesday, 23 April 2019

Perspective in Art

Perspective in Art

Perspective in Art
I uploaded a video (Link was given below) on Perspective in Art. If anyone who wishes to know about Perspective, he can watch this video on Perspective. Learn about Perspective, Three dimensional  and two-dimensional art, 2D and 3D Art,  Perspective in Art,  Perspective Drawing, Perspective Drawing,  Perspective Art, Aerial Perspective, Use of Perspective, Point Perspective & how to draw perspective.
(Click the link above to watch full video)
 It’s a very useful video for all art lovers, fine artist, art students, landscapers and students of the architect. It’s also very informative and useful for all competitive examination of Art. In this article, I am trying to introduce and to brief you about this video.

What is Perspective?

Every object that we see has three dimensions: length, breadth, and depth. However, the picture which we are to paint or draw has only length and breadth. So the technique to carry the illusion of depth (that is, the third dimension) on a 2 dimension paper is called perspective. In other words, to create a 3D effect on the 2D surface is called perspective.

About this Video


Perspective the video covered almost everything about it. This video will tell you everything about Perspective and also its uses in Arts. This video has all about perspective-definition, Viewpoint, Vanishing points, etc. You will find details information of perspective in visual arts or in fine arts in the following ways:
The answer of the above question is in the video.

Meaning and Classification

You will find Perspective- The technique to convert 3D on the 2D surface, Meaning of Perspective. It will tell you that perspective has three-point perspectives:
Point perspective-
1-Point perspective,
2- Point perspective,
3-Point perspective,

You will find the kinds of perspective such as Color perspective, Aerial perspective, Circular perspective, & Linear perspective. All useful term with their explanation and illustration have been put at a place for the viewers. These terminologies must be known by all artist.
You can also clarify the meaning of some useful technical term of perspective like – Horizon line, Eye-level, Vanishing point, Picture plane & Picture cone.
This is a very useful topic for NET Visual art, PGT, RPSC TGT Art education examination for KVS, JNV, DSSB, RPSC TGT, UP TGT & UP PGT competitive examination. These are also useful videos for above-said examinations:

Must watch: Elements of design (कला तत्व)
Hindi Version-https://youtu.be/Zw9GBfM80Us
English Version-https://youtu.be/Nfu6-aILgig

Visit my channel and find more videos like this and others on various topics related to arts and education. 
Thanks for visiting my blog www.mueenakhtar.com now I request you to watch out videos on various Art techniques like Watercolor, Oil Color, Acrylic color as well as sketching, drawing with pencil and another medium like a pen, brushes, and charcoal. We will also discuss and share information on Visual arts, Fine arts, Art History, Contemporary Artists, Classic arts Modern arts, Art Organizations, and Education.
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